India’s Nuclear Power Plants and Earthquake Hazard Zones

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By looking at a GIS map of the earthquakes around India, you can see that India is very close to the ring of fire. The ring of fire is an area in the Paciic oceans where there is a constant plate movement. Countries on the ring of fire often experience earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Although India is not on the ring of fire (it’s on it’s own plate), some of it’s nuclear power plants are still in danger of having earthquake damage. Take the example of the 2004 tsunami. It hit India’s entire east coast that was facing Indonesia and Malaysia. Although this 9.0 magnitude earthquake was far away, it still affected India a lot. Entire villages along the coastlines were torn down and swept away; hundreds of thousands of people were killed. There are two nuclear reactors along the east coast, both in tsunami risk zones.

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The power plants on the west coast are not entirely risk free either. There are lots of earthquakes in the Arabian Sea that risk India’s and Pakistan’s coastal regions too. There are three power plants dangerously close to that earthquake region. All these power plants are on the coast but the ones on land are not danger free either. The plate boundary in northern India is a converging boundary meaning that there are earthquakes happenning constantly in that area. The power plants in that area are not safe either.


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