Germany’s predominant biome is the temperate broadleaf forest biome(light green parts), also known as the deciduous forest biome. The deciduous forest biome is consisted of five different zones, the stratum tree zone, the small tree and sapling zone, the shrub zone, the herb zone, and the ground zone. The stratum zone is made up of big trees such as oak, beech, or maple trees. the small tree and sapling zone has younger and shorter trees. The shrub zone is made up of shrubs, hence its name. The herb zone is the fourth zone and is made up small herbal plants. The ground zone is the last zone, it is made up of fungi and different types of mosses.
The less dominant biome in Germany is the montane forest biome(dark green parts). It is found mainly in the south to southwestern regions of Germany. The montane forest biome is consisted of dense forests at moderate elevations and grasslands in higher altitudes.
Germany’s predominant anthromes are urban, dense settlement, residential rainfed mosaic croplands, and populated irrigated cropland. The urban anthromes are situated at big cities such as Berlin, Leipzig, and Frankfurt. Due to laws and regulations, only very few cities can have skyscrapers and tall buildings.
The more suburban parts of Germany like Karlsruhe, Stuttgart, Munich, Duesseldorf, Cologne, Hamburg, and most cities in Germany are dense settlements. These cities do not have any tall buildings (only a few exceptions) and have single house settlements.
The residential mosaic croplands are located in eastern Germany, north of Berlin, parts of Bavaria, areas near the Baltic Sea, and around Munich. In simpler terms, residential mosaic croplands are mostly situated outside of big cities.
The populated irrigated cropland are in central Germany; east of Stuttgart and Karlsruhe and in the northwestern parts of Bavaria.
THE ANTHROPOGENIC CHANGES IN GERMANY 1700-2000
I can see that between 1700 and 2000 there is a significant change in the land use. In 1700, most of the lands were rangelands.
Slowly, in 1800, the land in certain areas started to become more populated resulting in more rainfed villages but with the rangelands still being the most dominant type of anthrome.
In the 1900s, a significant change can be seen. More of the land is transformed into rainfed villages and even some urban areas started emerging. It is also during this time period that residential rainfed croplands started emerging in between rangelands.
The biggest change occurred in the 2000s where the most dominant anthrome is the residential rainfed cropland which replaced most to all of the rangeland. You can also identify the big urban cities clearly. Berlin being the one in the east, followed by Hamburg, Stuttgart, Cologne, and Munich.
The difference between anthromes and biomes is that biomes is the peaceful world without any human interaction. It shows just the vegetation of the planet without the unnatural human elements like cities or roads. An anthrome is basically a biome map plus human environmental interaction. It shows how humans have changed the biomes over time to fit their needs.